Appointment New Patient Appointment. Call Us: Appointment New Patient Appointment or Call Appointment New Patient Appointment or Every day, patients come to me for imaging tests, such as computed tomography CT scans and X-rays. Is the radiation going to hurt me or cause problems down the line? What about the contrast agents I have to drink for the test — are they safe?
These are valid questions, and the truth is, imaging tests do expose patients to a small amount of radiation. There is a potential, small risk that being exposed to radiation can induce cancer in a patient. But in most cases, the benefits of imaging tests far outweigh the risks from radiation exposure. These tests also involve radiation, and the amount varies depending on the test.
Imaging tests have helped revolutionize the practice of medicine. With X-rays and CT scans, we can now essentially take a picture of the internal organs. We can see even more detail by using contrast agents that patients drink or that we deliver through an IV.
For example, if a patient comes in with abdominal pain, we can do a CT scan to determine whether the patient has appendicitis and needs an emergency operation. Think of it like this: Combining radiation with contrast agents is like shining a flashlight.
If we shine a flashlight through the air, there is nothing to stop the light and it flows freely. But if we shine a flashlight at a piece of metal, the metal blocks the light. Likewise, the IV and oral contrast agents help block radiation rays.
How much radiation is too much? A handy guide
The contrast that patients drink enters the intestines, and that helps us see them better. The contrast that we inject through an IV allows us to see the organs and any injuries or potential tumors. For example, if there is a tumor on the liver, IV contrast reacts differently with the tumor than it does with the healthy liver tissue, which allows us to see the tumor more easily than we would otherwise. We also use radiation in the form of X-rays. Taking X-ray images allows us to see different parts of the body in different ways.
X-rays of the bones involve a very low radiation dose and allow us to see problems, such as fractures and arthritis. They are very safe for most people.
We use two types of contrast agents: One patients drink, and the other we inject through an IV. But the radiation used for medical purposes isn't that scary. These tests can help identify acute problems and different types of cancer. In many cases, a CT scan can help a surgeon plan a surgery, and sometimes can help patients avoid unnecessary surgery.As radiation exposure around the Fukushima nuclear power plant reach levels of mSv per hour although they've since gone downwe thought it was time to put the figures into perspective.
Radiation is all around us, all the time. But what level does it have to get to before it becomes really dangerous? The World Nuclear Association which represents the 'global nuclear profession' does have a guide.
And while there is a touch of Smilin' Joe Fissionit is a good place to start for a useful primer. There are different kinds of radiation - which you can read about in the WNA guide.
The problems we're concerned about come from ionising radiation. Radiation dosages are measured in sieverts - but because these are so big we're talking about millisieverts mSv a thousandth of a sievert. Rather than being an exact unit of size because different types of radiation have different effects an mSv measures the effective radiation dose.
According to the WNA, each mSv of radiation "produces the same biological effect". We're exposed to radiation when we fly and when we get medical treatment - and whenever we leave the house.
But the large dosages can have dramatic effects. It has been known for many years that large doses of ionising radiation, very much larger than background levels, can cause a measurable increase in cancers and leukemias 'cancer of the blood' after some years delay. It must also be assumed, because of experiments on plants and animals, that ionising radiation can also cause genetic mutations that affect future generations, although there has been no evidence of radiation-induced mutation in humans.
At very high levels, radiation can cause sickness and death within weeks of exposure. So, how high are levels in Japan? Here are the results in Grays, which are a unit of size, not of the effective dose received by people in the area. The users have also been monitoring a Geiger counter in Tokyo too and here's how to read a Geiger counter.
So, how do the levels compare? We've accumulated information from the WNA, news agency reports and medical info site Radiologyinfo. Data journalism and data visualisations from the Guardian. Turn autoplay off Turn autoplay on. Jump to content [s] Jump to comments [c] Jump to site navigation  Jump to search  Terms and conditions .
News World news Japan disaster. Radiation exposure: a quick guide to what each level means Radiation exposure levels are worsening in Japan. But how much radiation is too much - and what are we all exposed to? Click image for graphic. At very high levels, radiation can cause sickness and death within weeks of exposure So, how high are levels in Japan?
Who Should Be Screened for Lung Cancer?
Webcam chat at Ustream So, how do the levels compare? Data summary Radiation exposure Click heading to sort table. Download this data Event. We have switched off comments on this old version of the site. To comment on crosswords, please switch over to the new version to comment.
Read more All rights reserved.These slices are called tomographic images and contain more detailed information than conventional x-rays. Unlike a conventional x-ray—which uses a fixed x-ray tube—a CT scanner uses a motorized x-ray source that rotates around the circular opening of a donut-shaped structure called a gantry. During a CT scan, the patient lies on a bed that slowly moves through the gantry while the x-ray tube rotates around the patient, shooting narrow beams of x-rays through the body.
Instead of film, CT scanners use special digital x-ray detectors, which are located directly opposite the x-ray source. As the x-rays leave the patient, they are picked up by the detectors and transmitted to a computer. Each time the x-ray source completes one full rotation, the CT computer uses sophisticated mathematical techniques to construct a 2D image slice of the patient.
The thickness of the tissue represented in each image slice can vary depending on the CT machine used, but usually ranges from millimeters. When a full slice is completed, the image is stored and the motorized bed is moved forward incrementally into the gantry. The x-ray scanning process is then repeated to produce another image slice. This process continues until the desired number of slices is collected. Image slices can either be displayed individually or stacked together by the computer to generate a 3D image of the patient that shows the skeleton, organs, and tissues as well as any abnormalities the physician is trying to identify.
This method has many advantages including the ability to rotate the 3D image in space or to view slices in succession, making it easier to find the exact place where a problem may be located. CT scans can be used to identify disease or injury within various regions of the body.
For example, CT has become a useful screening tool for detecting possible tumors or lesions within the abdomen. A CT scan of the heart may be ordered when various types of heart disease or abnormalities are suspected. CT can also be used to image the head in order to locate injuries, tumors, clots leading to stroke, hemorrhage, and other conditions. It can image the lungs in order to reveal the presence of tumors, pulmonary embolisms blood clotsexcess fluid, and other conditions such as emphysema or pneumonia.
A CT scan is particularly useful when imaging complex bone fractures, severely eroded joints, or bone tumors since it usually produces more detail than would be possible with a conventional x-ray. As with all x-rays, dense structures within the body—such as bone—are easily imaged, whereas soft tissues vary in their ability to stop x-rays and, thus, may be faint or difficult to see.
For this reason, intravenous IV contrast agents have been developed that are highly visible in an x-ray or CT scan and are safe to use in patients.
Contrast agents contain substances that are better at stopping x-rays and, thus, are more visible on an x-ray image. For example, to examine the circulatory system, a contrast agent based on iodine is injected into the bloodstream to help illuminate blood vessels. This type of test is used to look for possible obstructions in blood vessels, including those in the heart.The only recommended screening test for lung cancer is low-dose computed tomography also called a low-dose CT scan.
Screening is recommended only for adults who have no symptoms but are at high risk. Screening external icon means testing for a disease when there are no symptoms or history of that disease. Doctors recommend a screening test to find a disease early, when treatment may work better.
The only recommended screening test for lung cancer is low-dose computed tomography also called a low-dose CT scan, or LDCT.
During an LDCT scan, you lie on a table and an X-ray machine uses a low dose amount of radiation to make detailed images of your lungs. The scan only takes a few minutes and is not painful.
Inthe U. Heavy smoking means a smoking history of 30 pack years or more. A pack year is smoking an average of one pack of cigarettes per day for one year.
For example, a person could have a 30 pack-year history by smoking one pack a day for 30 years or two packs a day for 15 years. That is why lung cancer screening is recommended only for adults who are at high risk for developing the disease because of their smoking history and age, and who do not have a health problem that substantially limits their life expectancy or their ability or willingness to have lung surgery, if needed.
If you are thinking about getting screened, talk to your doctor. If lung cancer screening is right for you, your doctor can refer you to a high-quality screening facility. The best way to reduce your risk of lung cancer is to not smoke and to avoid secondhand smoke. Lung cancer screening is not a substitute for quitting smoking. The Task Force recommends that yearly lung cancer screening stop when the person being screened—. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
Lung Cancer. Section Navigation. Minus Related Pages. More Information. DOI: Stay Informed twitter govd. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.
Some Americans have been requesting potassium iodide pillsand Geiger counters have sold out in Paris. People safely absorb small levels of radiation every day. Plants, rocks and even human bodies give off radiation. But how much radiation is normal?
Randall Munroe, the mind behind the brilliantly nerdy stick figures in the web comic XKCDhas tried to answer that question. He recently drew an extremely helpful graphic comparing the radiation levels of common activities like getting a medical scan or taking a transcontinental flight with large-scale nuclear accidents like those at Three Mile Island or Chernobyl.
One sievert, the unit measurement for a dose of radiation, will cause illness if absorbed all at once, and 8 sieverts will result in death, even with treatment.
According to the chart, the average person safely absorbs about 3. A person living within 50 miles of a nuclear power plant absorbs 0. Although the chart does not contain extensive information about the radiation leaking from the Fukushima power plant, it does note that spending a day in a town near the Fukushima plant will expose a person to an extra 3. To make a few more comparisons, a mammogram will give off about 3 millisieverts 0.
While some of these revelations are reassuring, the chart also shows that when things get bad, they get very bad. Spending just 10 minutes next to the post-meltdown nuclear reactor core of the Chernobyl power plant — the site of the worst nuclear catastrophe in history — a person would have taken in 50 sieverts of radiation, nearly seven times more than a fatal dose.
Of course, although a person can absorb many nonlethal doses of radiation without a noticeable effect, overall long-term absorption definitely contributes to the risk of cancer. For that reason, many of the health concerns for those living near the site of nuclear accidents are entirely valid.
But a quick reality check on the safe levels of radiation we absorb every day might at least help some people save a few dollars on a Geiger counter. Skip to content. The Daily Need l. How much radiation is too much? A handy guide By Brianna Lee. Home-grown terrorism The story of the Boston bombers is still unfolding at high speed, but counterterror officials believe the brothers were Islamic extremists.
Is radiation from a CT or PET scan dangerous?
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Learn More Providing Support for pbs. Marc Rosenwasser is Executive Producer. Wallach Foundation, Margaret A.X-rays are a form of energy, similar to light and radio waves.
X-rays are also called radiation. Unlike light waves, x-rays have enough energy to pass through your body. As the radiation moves through your body, it passes through bones, tissues and organs differently, which allows a radiologist to create images of them.
The radiologist is a specially trained physician who can examine these images on a monitor. The monitor is like a computer display.
It allows the radiologist to see very fine detail of the structures in your body. X-ray examinations provide valuable information about your health and help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis. X-rays are sometimes used to help place tubes or other devices in the body or to treat disease.CDI in Indianapolis is Committed to Lowering Your CT Radiation Dose
When radiation passes through the body, some of it gets absorbed. The x-rays that are not absorbed are used to create the image.
The amount that is absorbed contributes to the patient's radiation dose. The radiation that passes through the body does not. The scientific unit of measurement for whole body radiation dose, called "effective dose," is the millisievert mSv.
Other radiation dose measurement units include rad, rem, roentgen, sievert, and gray. Doctors use "effective dose" when they talk about the risk of radiation to the entire body.
Risk refers to possible side effects, such as the chance of developing a cancer later in life. Effective dose takes into account how sensitive different tissues are to radiation. If you have an x-ray exam that includes tissues or organs that are more sensitive to radiation, your effective dose will be higher. Effective dose allows your doctor to evaluate your risk and compare it to common, everyday sources of exposure, such as natural background radiation.
We are exposed to natural sources of radiation all the time. According to recent estimates, the average person in the U.Within OLBG if you are looking for more detail then please join us in our active football betting discussion forum where you can discuss the best bets with our expert tipsters. Some of our top tipsters also write detailed betting articles around football betting strategy so we have a number of Premier League Betting Blogs as well as other football betting tips blogsOutside of OLBG we recommend top sources of quality information to help you with your football betting such as the BBC.
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To win represents the record based on straight moneyline bets. Our computer generates expert consensus picks that can help you cover the spread for every game. Humans are biased and their opinions color their decisions. This is why advanced stats have grown in popularity for fantasy leagues, pro sports teams, agents, and even the general stats geek.
And it's why NFL computer predictions are coming to be relied upon more than the screaming, angle-quoting handicapper. Picking NFL winners against the spread is one of the toughest tasks in sports betting.
Professional handicappers can try to sell you their information and you can try to figure it out yourself, searching through stats, trends, weather reports and studying line moves. Increasingly, bettors are relying on computers to do the work, to come up with unbiased, stats-focused predictions on NFL games.
Of course, the output is only as good as the input. If the stats are accurate and significant handicapping measurements and if the formulas or algorithms are solid, then the resulting NFL computer selections can be reliable. Depending on how complex (does it include player data, weather variations, depth chart consideration. Of course, naysayers will always argue that a coin toss or some zoo animal will be able to do just as well, but those are true flukes.
Computer picks have a basis in fact and stats. If you find that perfect mix, you should be able to find edges and advantages that you can exploit at the sportsbook window each Sunday (or Monday). So bookmark the Odds Shark NFL computer picks page. Learn MoreSubscribe TodayThe handicapping, sports odds information contained on this website is for entertainment purposes only.
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Radiation exposure: a quick guide to what each level means
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NewsletterFacebookContactEditorialAbout UsTermsOdds FeedRSSThe handicapping, sports odds information contained on this website is for entertainment purposes only. The Titans and the Dolphins get ready to play their last league game of the Ram Slam 2017 knowing that both of them are likely to have already qualified for the knockouts. In fact, the Titans have definitely made it to the knockouts while the The last of the group matches is about to be played in the Ram Slam 2017 with two teams assured of their place in the knockouts.
The Riders successfully chased down 168 runs and After a somewhat controversial end to the test series with pollution masks making an appearance, players falling sick, and a dead pitch that lead to a draw, a change of pace to the limited-overs series will be a welcome change.